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AFM: Robert De Niro’s ‘Bus 657’ Picks Up Foreign Sales

Heist film “Bus 657″ has sold to a dozen territories with production wrapping in Mobile, Ala….

Post-production
At this stage the film is edited. In modern film production, there are two types of editing: intraframe (linear) editing and inter-frame (nonlinear) editing.

Linear editing takes place more often in real time. Video from several sources (players, cameras, etc.) is fed through a switcher to the receiver (on-air broadcaster, recording device). In this case, the line-mount director switches the signal sources. Linear editing is also referred to as cutting scenes in a video material without disturbing their sequence.

In nonlinear editing the video is divided into fragments (the video may be digitized beforehand), often using special software, and then the fragments are recorded in the desired sequence, in the desired format, on the selected video medium. At the same time fragments can be cut, i.e. not all the source material is included in the target sequence; sometimes the cuts are very large-scale.

In the case of film, the nonlinear editing process is done manually: the editor, using the editing table under the guidance of the film director, cuts the film in the right places, and then stitches together the fragments in the sequence selected by the director.

Hybrid video editing has the advantages of the first two (non-linear video editing system plays the role of a video source). The disadvantage is a higher price.

The first task of the editor-montager is to roughly slice and assemble scenes by matching individual footage. This is done in order to select the best shots and weed out the trash. The next step is to work with the frames in more detail and create an even stream of frames into a coherent video narrative. At this point, trimming, i.e. shortening scenes to a few minutes, seconds or even frames, is complete. The director and producer of the film review the results and approve it, implying that there will be no more changes. The editor then manually or automatically completes a document containing a list of cut scenes with a description of the original footage for the final edit.

When the edited picture is approved, the film is passed from the editor's hands to the sound department for processing and creation of the sound track. Here the voices are synchronized with sound effects, background, music, etc. If the quality of a synchronous sound recording does not satisfy the director or sound engineer, the film is dubbed in the studio. An image is projected on the screen, several rehearsals are held, during which the actors try to make the articulation on the screen coincide with the spoken sound. A phonogram is then recorded. After that, it is edited and synchronized on the editing table.

Video and sound are combined, resulting in a low-quality film sample. A high quality sample, depending on the type of shooting, is created with appropriate film processing techniques.

Finally, the target audience is recruited to watch the film, whose feedback may be additional refinements and changes.

Distribution
This is the last stage when the film is released in theaters, or sometimes on DVD, VCD or VHS. The film is dubbed, which is required for distribution in cinemas. The film is advertised, with press releases, posters and other promotional materials prepared.

The film is usually presented at the beginning of the evening, with an announcement, press releases, and press interviews. The film is shown at a press screening, possibly at film festivals. It also makes sense to create a website to accompany the film. The film is shown in certain theaters, and the DVD is usually released a few months later. The film and DVD licensing rights are also usually sold and distributed worldwide. Any profits are shared between the distributor and the production studio.

Independent Films.
Films are also made outside of the studios, this is what is known as independent filmmaking. Since the introduction of DV technology, ways of filmmaking have become more accessible. Filmmakers can basically shoot and edit films, create and edit sound and music, and completely assemble the finished film project on a home computer. However, while filmmaking conditions have democratized, financing, distribution and marketing remain difficult to accomplish outside the traditional system. Most independent filmmakers expect to get noticed at film festivals and be able to sell their film. However, the Internet makes it relatively inexpensive to distribute independent films, and many filmmakers put their films online for criticism and recognition. Although there is not much money to be made from it, a filmmaker can still find sponsors through the Web.